Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, situated northwest of downtown Los Angeles.
Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and movie stars, the word Hollywood is often used as a metonym of American cinema. Even though much of the movie industry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as West Los Angeles and the San Fernando and Santa Clarita Valleys, significant auxiliary industries, such as editing, effects, props, post-production, and lighting companies remain in Hollywood, as does the backlot of Paramount Pictures.
As a district within the Los Angeles city limits, Hollywood does not have its own municipal government. There was an official, appointed by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, who served as an honorary “Mayor of Hollywood” for ceremonial purposes only. Johnny Grant held this position from 1980 until his death on January 9, 2008.
Beachwood Canyon is a community in the Hollywood Hills in the northern portion of Hollywood. Home to more than 22,000 residents, Beachwood Canyon was first developed in the 1920s. The architects and landscapers who developed the enclave drew inspiration from the southern regions of France, Italy and Spain. The upper portion of the canyon is the Hollywoodland community that was originally advertised in the 1920s by the Hollywood Sign. The canyon features its own market, coffee shop and stables.
The Hollywood sign, formerly known as the Hollywoodland sign, is a landmark and American cultural icon. It is situated on Mount Lee in the Hollywood Hills. “HOLLYWOOD” is spelled out in 45-foot-tall, white capital letters and is 350 feet long. It was originally created in 1923 as an advertisement for a local real estate development, but it garnered increasing recognition when the sign was left up after the development was completed. The contours of the hills give the sign its “wavy” appearance from the ground. The sign was a frequent target of pranks and vandalism, but it has since undergone restoration, including the installation of a security system to deter vandalism. The sign is located on rough, steep terrain and is encompassed by barriers to prevent unauthorized access.